The legal conditions in Hungary regarding the equality between men and women correspond to the EU directives.
Hungarian Constitution, Act XX. of 1949
The general prohibition of discrimination between men and women is stated in paragraph (1) of Article 66:
”The Republic of Hungary shall ensure the equality of men and women in all civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.”
The Constitution of the Republic of Hungary forbids all kinds of discrimination in its Article 70/A:
(1) ”The Republic of Hungary shall respect the human rights and civil rights of all persons in the country without discrimination on the basis of race, colour, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origins, financial situation, birth or on any other grounds whatsoever.”
(2) ”The law shall provide for strict punishment of discrimination on the basis of paragraph (1).”
(3) ”The Republic of Hungary shall endeavour to implement equal rights for everyone through measures that create fair opportunities for all.”
Article 70/B reflects the rule equal salary for equal work and equal treatment:
(1) ”In the Republic of Hungary everyone has the right to work, and to freely choose his job and profession.”
(2) ”Everyone has the right to equal compensation for equal work, without any discrimination whatsoever.”
(3) ”All persons who work have the right to an income that corresponds to the amount and quality of work they carry out.”
(4) ”Everyone has the right to leisure time, to free time and to regular paid vacation.”
More information: www.parlament.hu/alkotmany/alkotm.htm
Labour Code, Act XXII. of 1992
The regulation of the Labour Code about discrimination is the following (Article 5):
(1) ”In connection with an employment relationship, no discrimination shall be practiced against employees on the basis of gender, age, race, national origin, religion, political views or membership in employee interest representation organizations or activities connected therewith, as well as any other circumstances not related to employment. Any differentiation clearly and directly required by the character or nature of the work shall not be construed as discrimination.”
(2) ”In the event of any dispute related to a violation of the prohibition of discrimination, the employer shall be required to prove that his/her actions did not violate the provisions of paragraph (1)”.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/1992-XXII-tv.doc
Act LXXIX of 1993
Law about public education. Any discrimination based on the basis of gender, age, race, national origin, religion, political views, origin, financial situation or patron of the school is prohibited in public education.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/1993-LXXIX-tv.doc
Amendment of the Labour Code, Act XVI of 2001
The amendment of Article 5 the Labour Code in 2001 introduced the concept of indirect discrimination and extended the prohibition of discrimination to the discrimination because of family or handicapped status.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/2001-XVI-tv.doc
Amendment of the Labour Code, Act XX of 2003
Amendment of Article 5:
(1) ”In connection with an employment relationship, no discrimination shall be practiced against employees on the basis of gender, age, family or handicapped status, maternity, national origin, race, religion, political views or membership in employee interest representation organizations or activities connected therewith, part-time employment, temporary employment as well as any other circumstances not related to employment.”
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/2003-XX-tv.doc
Act CXXV of 2003
Law about equal treatment and the promotion of equal opportunities.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/eselytorveny_20040122.doc
Act LVII of 2000
Law about the announcement of the Convention number 100. accepted on the 34. session of the International Conference on Labour in 1951 dealing with the equal payment for equal work for female and male workforce.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/2000-LVII-tv.doc
Act LX of 2000
Law about the announcement of the Convention number 111. accepted on the 42. session of the International Conference on Labour in 1958 dealing with the negative discrimination issuing from employment and occupation.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/2000-LX-tv.doc
Act LX of 2001
Law about the announcement of the Complementary Report of the Convention accepted on 18/12/1979 in New York dealing with the elimination of all forms of negative discrimination against women.
More information: www.eselyegyenloseg.hu/doc/2001-LX-tv.doc
Hungary became a member of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1982, and since then it has submitted 5 reports: in 1982, 1986, 1991 and in 2000 the combined fourth and fifth report.
Hungary is represented in the Helsinki Group of national civil servants, which was set up in 1998 by the European Commission focusing on policy reviews and development of gender indicators in research.
Hungary is represented in the ENWISE (ENlarge “Women In Science” to East) Expert Group, which was set up by the European Commission in 2002 to promote gender equality in science by addressing the situation of women scientists in Central and Eastern European countries and in the Baltic States.